Agarwood is recognized as the most valuable incense which is of great demand. It has diverse uses as some countries use them for medical purposes while some use for traditional purposes. Ideal Agarwood planting can be done in the low land areas to hills of altitude 0-75meters above the sea level. The smooth plantation requires average rainfall less than 2000cm. The applicable temperature required for the plantation is between 27 ° C to 32 ° C with the availability of 70% of sunlight. Suitable land types are soft and sandy clay soil having a pH of 4.0 to 6.0.
In Agarwood plantation, it is important to check the ecological conditions and carefully assess the possibility of the plantation to confirm the survival and flourished growth of Agarwood. Aquilaria does not demand any soil or climatic conditions instead it grows in any naturally occurring ecological conditions with a variety of soils excluding clay soil.
With the immobility of water, many plantings have gone failed after the 2-4 years of planting. Hence it is better to plant on sloping lands to avoid the problems caused by the stagnancy of water. To decrease the mortality rate, the sapling is transplanted to grounds from the pot when they grow to a height of 60-90cm. the old saplings will become worse due to the root coiling when they grow in polythene bags if they are not big enough. So it is better to avoid buying saplings that are with small polythene bags and older sapling with 120cm and above.
Given below are few steps to plant the agarwood saplings. If the time and labour are not your concerns, you can have a great time planting with this tip.
- Prepare a hole for the planting of dimension 40cmx40cmx40cm. Keep the hole free for 2-3 weeks by allowing them to stay under sunlight and rain continuously. This helps the soil to get oxygenated that helps in root growth.
- Add around 150-175ml of CIRP and if the soil is hard, it is better to add 10-15% of coco peat to lose the soil mixture. Coco peat absorbs a huge volume of water, the approximately half volume of its water and 5-6 times its total weight. The Coco peat shows huge oxygenation property. The phosphorous can be obtained from TSP and DAP. But it should be used with utmost care as it shows causticity with pH solution of 1-3 and 7.5-8 respectively. You should make sure that it is not applied in overdose as the overdosage will result in damage of sapling. Both TSP and DAP are highly soluble and dissolves quickly into the soil by releasing plant-available phosphate.
- Apply 15% of cow dung, 20gms of Funadan as fertilizer and insecticide respectively.
- Mix the mixture to the most possible small particles.
- Refill the hole to a proper level and cover the sapling approximately 2inch above the planting surface. Remember the deep planting ruin the stem in long run.
- Remove the bag and transplant the sapling to hole.
- Cover the sapling and arrange the ground surface to improve the water flow.
- The process is complete. This is a time-consuming way to plant the Agarwood tree which assures 99% of survival rate