Oudh is a highly important and beneficial product all around the world. Due to the increasing usage of Oudh, the necessity to grow Agarwood has been intensifying at a fast pace. Be it any product tea, oil, the perfume of oud are high in demand. The original tree of agarwood can’t be found quite often as it is doubtlessly a magical creation of nature and they cost more than gold or diamonds.
Development of Agarwood
Keralites are familiar with the name Agarwood, due to its pronounced fragrance or odor. There are lakhs of trees in Kerala and one such suggestive plantation method is growing Agarwood, as there is less investment, not much maintenance required and minimal labor supply but still gives high returns due to its distinctive features. Growing Agarwood trees in Kerala is done with due diligence and a certain level of care from the cultivators. To plant the Agarwood tree in Kerala is been done in “Aquilaria tree” where one has to obtain their raised seedlings from private nurseries. They can be cultivated on a wide range of soil types towards the beginning of monsoon season from June-September.
Alternatively, it can be grown or developed with the help of injecting an artificial fungus in the “Aquilaria tree” termed as artificial inoculation when “Aquilaria tree” has attained 5 years plus. This fungus that is present inside the tree, creates an aromatic resin and gradually, a resinous wood is produced which is referred to as Agarwood/ Oudh. The Trees grow 6-20 m tall, and leaves are 5-11cm long and 2-4cm broad. The flowers are produced in an umbel which is yellowish-green in color. They also produce a fruit which is a woody capsule and is 2.5-3cm long. The outer portion of the stem which is of low quality is used in paper manufacturing industries and to make incense sticks.
Methods followed in Artificial Inoculation
There are various methods followed in artificial inoculation and few of them have been mentioned below:-
- FO2P(PASTING):- Here the bark of the tree trunk is removed and the fungus is been pasted.
- F12S(Sticking):- Fungus is stored in the bamboo sticks and the sticks are inserted through the tree trunk.
- FO7D(Drilling and Injecting):- Fungus is injected to the tree directly through the bottle, which is naturally free from chemicals.
Benefits of Agarwood Plantation In Kerala
- They have got Ecological, Environmental and Economic benefits
- The income generated with the help of agarwood tree plantation significantly contributes to the environment also
- Every part of the tree such as leaves, bark, the trunk can be used for commercial purposes enabling the cultivator to reap the benefits.
- The ecological benefit of agarwood plantation helps in reducing the level of carbon and emission of greenhouse gases, making it a polluted free environment.
- These trees can be planted in agricultural land of lower productivity and do not require as much water when compared with other plantation crops.